七年级上学期所有语法点都在这

作者: 篮球  发布:2019-12-21

随风潜入夜,润物细无声。

仁爱版西班牙语上学期知识点集中(四年级上册卡塔尔(قطر‎

四年级上学期全数语法点都在那地了,值得全体!

教学背景

2017-11-19 卜小兵 仁爱印度语印尼语精选文摘

2017-09-06 提成绩,☞ 初级中学德文

本单元的主干部历史学内容是“认物”。用英文确认周边的科学普及事物比较切合丹麦语初学者的骨子里景况。通过本单元传授,使学员选拔所学句型,去熟稔左近事物的名称;传授生学会在其实生活中怎样确认事物。通过辨认物体,学子学到一些生词,并加固所学句型。

仁爱版土耳其语上学期知识点集中(四年级上册卡塔尔(قطر‎

多谢您关怀初级中学Republic of Croatia语公众号,如您未有关怀,请点击上方蓝字“初级中学保加金斯敦语”关切我们,获取越来越多学问方法。每天更新,与你不见不散!

单元·入眼查找

(包涵重要句型、短语、知识点安详严整和首要性语法)

初级中学韩文和小学德语最大的例外是:重语法学习。初生机勃勃的同学料定要开采到这点啊,急速调解学习格局啦!

词汇

Unit 1 Making New Friends

一. 动词be(is,am,are)的用法

what 什么

【注重短语】

自个儿(I卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)用am, 你(you卡塔尔国用are,is跟着她(he卡塔尔(قطر‎、她(she卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)、它(it卡塔尔国。单数名词用is,复数名词全用are。变否定,更便于,be后not加上去。变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢掉。还会有一条须在乎,句首大写莫忘记。

ruler 直尺

  1. good morning/ afternoon / evening 早上/下午/晚上好

  2. glad / nice to meet / see you  看见你很欢跃

  3. welcome to + 地方  迎接来到……

  4. let’s + v  让我们做……

  5. stand up 起立

  6. sit down 坐下

  7. this is...  这是……

  8. thanks = thank you 谢谢

  9. see you = see you later = goodbye 再见

  10. ID number 身份ID编号

  11. be from=come from 来自

  12. in English 用英语

二. this,that和it用法

is 是

【主要句型】

(1卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)this和that是提示代词,it是人称代词。

pen 钢笔

  1. ---What’s your name? ---My name is Sally.

  2. ---Where are you from? ---I’m from China.

(2卡塔尔间距说话人近的人或物用this, 间距说话人远的人或物用that。如:

this 这,这个

---Where do you come from? ---I come from China.

This is a flower. 那是风度翩翩朵花。(近处卡塔尔

orange 橙子

  1. ---Where is he/ she from? ---He/She is from Japan.

  2. ---What’s this/ that in English? --- It’s a/ an…

  3. ---What’re these/ those in English? ---They’re… 

  4. ---How do you spell it? ---E-R-A-S-E-R, eraser.

  5. ---Can you spell it? ---Yes, M-A-P, map.

  6. —How old are you/ is he/ are they?

That is a tree. 那是意气风发棵树。(远处卡塔尔(قطر‎

in 用,以

—I’m/ He is/ They are eleven.

(3卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)放在一块儿的两样东西,先说this, 后说that。如:

jacket 夹克衫,短上衣

  1. —What’s your telephone number?

This is a pen. That is a pencil. 那是风度翩翩支钢笔。那是意气风发支铅笔。

English 英语(的)

—It’s 4567967.

(4卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)向别人牵线某一个人时说This is…, 不说That is…。如:

key 钥匙

  1. —What class/ grade are you in? 

This is Helen. Helen, this is 汤姆. 那是Hellen。Hellen,这是汤姆。

map 地图

—I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.(注意分寸写)

(5卡塔尔This is 不可能缩写, 而That is能够缩写。如:

it 它

  1. Good morning/ afternoon/ evening.   

  2. —Hello!/Hi!  —Hello!/Hi!

  3. —Nice/Glad to see/meet you.  —Nice/Glad to see/meet you, too.

  4. —Welcome to China/my home.  —Thanks.

  5. —How do you do?  —How do you do?

  6. —How are you?  —Fine, thank you. And you?  —I’m OK.

  7. —See you then/ later.  —See you.   

  8. —Goodbye.  —Bye.

  9. —Thank you.  —You’re welcome./That’s OK./Not at all.

This is a bike. That’s a car. 那是生机勃勃辆车子。这是意气风发辆小小车。

cup 杯子

【珍视语法】

(6卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)打电话时,介绍本身用this, 询问对方用that。如:

a(n)一(人、事、物)

  1. 元音字母: Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu

—Hello! Is that Miss Green? 喂,是Green小姐吗?

that 那,那个

带有有以下元音的假名:

—Yes, this is. Who’s that? 是的,我是,你是谁?

spell 用字母拼,拼写

[e]  Aa Hh Jj Kk       

只顾:尽管普通话中选用“小编”和“你”,但葡萄牙共和国语中打电话时不要能够说:I am…, Are you…?/Who are you?

please请

[i:]  Ee Bb Cc Dd Gg Pp Tt Vv     

(7卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)在回答this或that作主语的问号句时, 要用it替代this或that。如:

National Basketball Association 美利坚合众国篮协

[aɪ] Ii Yy 

①—Is this a notebook? 那是台式机吗?

紧要句型

[ju:]  Uu Qq  Ww     

—Yes, it is. 是的,它是。

—What’s this in English?

[e] Ff Ll Mm Nn Ss Xx Zz

②—What’s that? 那是什么样?

以此用德文怎么说?

  1. fun88体育官网,大小写

—It’s a kite. 是只风筝。

—It’s a map.

句首字母,人名,地名,称呼语,专知名词,星期的首字母要大写,引人注意。

三. these和those用法

它是少年老成幅地图。

• Look!Is that Jane?

this, that, these和those是指示代词,these是this的复数方式,指时间、间隔较近的或上边要涉及的人或事;those是that的复数情势,指时间、间隔较远或前边已经涉及过的人或事物。

—Spell it, please.

• He comes from Hubei, China.

①This is my bed. That is Lily’s bed. 这是自身的床。那是Lily的床。

请拼出来。

• Mr. Wang, this is my mom.

②These pictures are good. 那多少个画很好。

—M-A-P.M-A-P。

• —What class are you in?

③ Are those apple trees? 那个是苹水果树吗?

言语·知识精讲

—I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.

在回应主语是these或those的疑点句时,平日用they取代these或those防止止重复。如:

What’s this in English?

• On Sunday, we go to the West Hill for a picnic.

④Are these/those your apples? 那一个(那多少个卡塔尔国是您的苹果吗?

本条用Serbia语怎么说?

  1. Be动词的用法

Yes, they are. 是的,他们是。

(1卡塔尔国该句是以what指导的异样疑问句,用来询问怎么用英文表明近处的东西,常用It’s a/an…来解答纠结。

• 笔者用am,你用are,is用于他、她、它,单数用is,复数就用are。

四. 不定冠词a和an

例如:

• 含be动词的陈说句变否定句在be后加not,变平日难题句将be提前。

a和an都以天灾人祸冠词,表示黄金年代(个,支,本,块……卡塔尔(قطر‎的情致,但不重申数量概念,而是重申连串,用来约束名词。a用在辅音音素开头的单数名词前,如:a pencil(一支铅笔卡塔尔,a book(一本书卡塔尔;an用在元音音素初始的名词前,如an eraser(一块橡皮卡塔尔(قطر‎。假设名词前有修饰语,用a依旧用an,则以该修饰语的率先音素决定用a照旧用an。如:

—What’s this in English?那么些用拉脱维亚语怎么说?

• 平时难点句的自不过然答复:Yes, 人称代词+ be;否定回答:No, 人称代词+be + not。

a clock  一座钟 

—It’s a classroom.它是classroom。

如:---They are teachers.  ---They are not teachers.

an old clock  风姿浪漫座旧钟 

(2卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar) in English为固定搭配,意为“用波兰语”。相同的用法还应该有:in Chinese“用普通话”;in Japanese“用法语”等等。

---Are they teachers?  ---Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

a book  一本书   

例如:

  1. 不定冠词、定冠词和and的用法

an English book  一本印度语印尼语书

—What’s this in English?那个用罗马尼亚语怎么说?

(1卡塔尔国不定冠词a, an的用法

a nice apple  贰个喜人的苹果   

—It’s milk.它是milk。

a /an 都意味“生机勃勃,一个”,a 用在以辅音音素初阶的单词前,如:a book; a desk; an 用在以元音音素开端的单词前,如:an apple / an orange/ an English book;/ an English boy/ an old man;/an actor/ an English teacher/ an office worker.

an apple  一个苹果

—What’s that in Chinese?那么些用中文怎么说?

(2卡塔尔(قطر‎the是定冠词,表特指,单复数前边都可用

五. 名词+’s所有格

—It’s “qiu”.它是“球”。

• We are in the same class.

名词+’s所有格

It’s an orange.

• The girl in a pink skirt is Jane.

单数名词后平昔加 “ ’s ”

它是金桔。

• Where is the book?

吉米’s coat 吉姆的外衣 Jeff’s motherJeff的母亲

“It’s + a/an+单数可数名词”常用来回复What’s this/that(in English卡塔尔(قطر‎?等疑问句,在那之中it不可改为this或that, it可视景况分别译成“那”、“那”、“它”,不常可不译。

• This isn’t my bike. The blue one is mine.

以s结尾的复数名词,只加“ ’”

例如:

(3) and的用法

Teachers’ Day教师节

—What’s this in English?这些用爱沙尼亚语怎么说?

• 数字相加看做单数: Two and three is five.

the twins’ books双胞胎的书

—It’s a pen.这是pen。

• 颜色相加也是单数:  Black and white is gray.

不以s结尾的难堪的名词复数,加“ ’s ”

Spell it,please.

• 人和东西相加是复数:Lucy and Lily are sisters. The pen and the eraser are Jane’s.

Children’s Day 儿童节

请拼写(读)

  1. 可数名词单数变复数

men’s shoes男式鞋

那是三个以动词原形初始的祈使句,表示“必要/让某一个人做某件事”。带有诉求、命令等文章。此中spell意为“拼写”,为实义动词。加上please 以象征说话人的谦卑和礼貌。回答此句只要说出此单词的拼写情势就可以。

(1)法则更换

意味着双方联手享临时,只在最终叁个名词后加’s

例如:

① 日常在名词词尾加-s,如:car---cars; photo---photos; toy---toys; boy---boys

代表双方分别所有的时候,要在各样名词后加’s

—Spell “ruler”,please.请拼写一下“尺子”这几个单词。

② 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词,在词尾加--es,如:box---boxes; bus--buses

露西 and Lily’s mother Lucy和Lily的老妈(协同的母亲,三个阿娘卡塔尔国

—R-U-L-E-R. R-U-L-E-R。

③ 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i再加es,如:baby--babies; family--families

露西’s and Kate’s rooms Lucy和凯特的房间(各自的房间,两间屋子)

拓展

4)以fe结尾,变fe为v再加es,如:knife--- knives

六. There be句型

看似用法的句式还应该有

(2)不许则变化

(1卡塔尔国There be句型主要用于表明“某处(某时)有有些人(某物)。”其主干构造为“There be+某物(某个人)+某地(某时)”个中there是带领词,未有词义;主语是be前边的名词, be是谓语动词,在肖似今后时中be只用is和are二种格局。

Can you spell it, please?

如:foot---feet; man---men; woman---women; snowman---snowmen;

上面那首歌诀可帮您巧记there be句型布局:

“你能拼写一下吧?”

(3)集体名词:people, clothes, police, family

There be放句首,主语跟在后。地、时放句末,重申置前头。如:

回答时也是一贯拼写出此词就可以。

(4)成双面世的名词:shoes, pants(trousers卡塔尔国, gloves, eyes, ears

There is a book on the desk.

例如:

九. 生机勃勃词多义:An orange(柑儿)is orange(淡青的).

有的时候为了强调地点,也可把介词短语放在句首。如:

—Can you spell it, please?你能拼写一下呢?

Unit 2 Looking Different

On the desk there is a book.

—Yes, L-I L-E-I.好的,L-I L-E-I。

【入眼短语】

(2卡塔尔国There be句型中的be动词怎么样规定呢?请先看看上面那首歌诀:

小结·易混巧辨

  1. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb.把某物给某一个人

Be动词,有三个,am,is还有are。“There be”真特别,不留am只留俩,那就是is还有are。

不定冠词a和an

Please give it to her.

要用is还是are,须看以往的名词是单数依旧复数。假诺单数或不可数名词用is,不然就用are。如:

a和an都以天灾人祸冠词,表示生机勃勃(个,支,本,块……)的情致,但不着重提出数量概念,而是重申种类,用来节制名词。a用在辅音音素早先的单数名词前,如:a pencil(生龙活虎支铅笔),a book(一本书);an用在元音音素早前的名词前,如an eraser(一块橡皮)。倘若名词前有修饰语,则以该修饰语的率先音素决定用a仍然用an。

  1. look the same 长相平等   

①There is a tree behind the house.

例如:

look different 长相不相同,看起来不相近

②There is some water(水)in the bottle(瓶子).

a clock大器晚成座钟an old clock意气风发座旧钟

  1. look like 看起来像

③There are some pears in the box.

a book一本书 an English book一Bend语书

He looks like his father. = He and his father look the same.

(3卡塔尔(قطر‎注意:要是“be”后的主语是由and连接的四个或多个以上的名词,那么be的样式要依照“远水解不了近渴”的法规。也便是说,“be”的情势是由与它前段时间的万分名词来明确的。若特别称词是单数或不可数名词要用is,是复数就用are。如:

a nice apple叁个憨态可居的苹果an apple三个苹果

  1. next to 在……旁边

①There is a book and some pens on the floor.

参谋书目

The boy next to me is my good friend.

②There are some pens and a book on the floor.

出行新课标种类·初级中学国和俄罗丝语教材同步练习

  1. in +颜色  穿着……颜色的衣裳

七. 日常以后时

本文编辑:Joyce

in +a/an +颜色+衣服  穿着……颜色的……

貌似今后时表示平时性、习于旧贯性的动作,或代表未来的特点、状态。

编纂助理:Jane

The boy in a yellow T-shirt and gray pants is my good friend.6. (1卡塔尔国both两个都(be动词之后,实义动词在此之前) 

当主语是非第两人称单数时,行为动词的相似现在时变化情势(见下表卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)。如:

下一期预先报告

They both have brown hair and black eyes.

句式

高级中学爱尔兰语教材必修2Unit2分析

They are both office workers.

结构

(2卡塔尔all 三者或三者以上都

例句

They are all kind to me.

肯定句

  1. 数字+(形状、大小)+颜色+n. 

主语+行为动词原形+其余

two big red apples

We speak Chinese.

She has short blond hair.

否定句

【入眼句型】

主语+don’t+行为动词原形+其余

  1. Who is your favorite actor?

  2. We are in the same school, but we are in different grades.

  3. What do/does +主语+look like? ……长得怎么样?

We don’t speak Chinese.

---What does he look like?

诚如难题句

--- He is not very tall but very strong.

Do+主语+行为动词原形+其余?

  1. We don’t look the same, but we are good friends.

Do you speak Chinese?

We look the same, but we are in different clothes.

分明回答

  1. ---What color is/are +主语?---It’s/ They’re +颜色.

否认回答

---What color is her hair? ---It’s blond.

Yes,主语+do

  1. This is my cap. = This cap is mine.

No,主语+don’t

Is this your cap? = Is this cap yours?

Yes, we do.

---Whose cap is this? = Whose is this cap? --- It’s Sally’s.

No, we don’t.

---Whose are these bananas? --- They’re their bananas/ theirs.

当主语是第两个人称单数时,行为动词常常未来时的句型变化如下表:

  1. His pants are blue and mine are white.(mine=my pants)

句式

My T-shirt is green and his is brown.(his=his T-shirt)

结构

  1. I have small eyes, but he has big ones.(ones指代eyes)

例句

My jacket is blue and white. That one is blue. (one指代jacket)

肯定句

【注重语法】

主语+行为动词s/es+别的

  1. 动词原形和动词第多人称单数情势

She speaks Chinese.

(1)主语是第五人称单数格局(he、she、it;单大器晚成的人;单生机勃勃的名字;单大器晚成的东西),动词要用单三情势。实义动词变第多人称单数的准则:

否定句

① 日常情形向来加“s”,如:come---comes,meet---meets

主语+doesn’t+行为动词原形+其余

② 动词以o,s,sh,ch, x结尾,加“es”,如:do--does; go--goes; teach--teaches

She doesn’t speak Chinese.

③ 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i,再加es, 如:study--studies, fly--flies, try--tries

诚如难点句

④ 特殊境况:have--has

Does+主语+行为动词原形+其余?

(2)句型转换

Does she speak Chinese?

① 当主语为第多个人称单数:变否定句时,在动词前加doesn’t, 动词现原形;变平常难点句时,在句首加does,动词现原形。

必然答复

相像难题句的自然答应:Yes, 人称代词+does;否定回答:No, 人称代词+doesn’t.

否认回答

如:She has small eyes.

Yes,主语+does

---She doesn’t have small eyes.

No,主语+doesn’t

---Does she have small eyes?

Yes, she does.

---Yes, she does. /No, she doesn’t.

No, she doesn’t.

② 当主语为率先、第四个人称变否定句,在动词前加don’t,变平日疑问句,在句首加do,鲜明回应:Yes, 人称代词+do;否定回答:No,人称代词+don’t.

八. 句子单数变复数,注意以下五要素

They have small eyes.

(1卡塔尔(قطر‎主格人称代词要改成相应的复数主格人称代词,即I→we, you→you,she,he,it→ they。如:

---They don’t have small eyes.

She is a girl. →They are girls.

--- Do they have small eyes? 

(2)am,is要变为are。如:

---Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

I’m a student. →We are students.

  1. 代表所属关系

(3卡塔尔国不定冠词a,an要去掉。如:

(1)名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

He is a boy. →They are boys.

形容词性物主代词  my    your  his  her    our  their    its

(4卡塔尔普通单数名词要改成复数形式。如:

名词性物主代词    mine  yours  his  hers  ours  theirs  its

It is an apple. →They are apples.

• --Whose is this pen? Is it yours?

(5卡塔尔指示代词this,that要成为these,those。如:

• --No, it’s not mine. My pen is blue.

This is a box. →These are boxes.

(2)名词全部格

九. 斯洛伐克共和国语日期的表示法

① 用于人或任何代表有人命的名词后:

阿拉伯语中月份和星期名称都以专盛名词,它们的首字母必得大写,并且后边无需用冠词。

• 单数或不以s结尾的复数+’s,如:Jane’s book;Women’s Day

用葡萄牙共和国语表示日期,其顺序为月+日+年,日和年之内需用逗号隔离。如:August2nd,二零零一(2000年2月2日卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)。也得以用日+月+年来代表。如:10th May,二〇〇〇(二零零四年13月四日卡塔尔。英文日期前介词的接受:若指在哪一年或哪十1二月,则用介词in,若具体到某一天,则需用介词on。如:

• 以s结尾的复数+’如: Teachers’Day

①She was born in 1989 

• Lucy’s and Lily’s bags 分有 

②She was born in August. 

Lucy and Lily’s room 共有

③She was born in August 1989.

Those are Jane’s shoes.= Those shoes are Jane’s.

④She was born on 2nd August, 1989.

② of 表示所属关系,用于未有生命的实体,如:a map of China;a photo of my family

十. 名词单数变复数

Unit3 Getting Together

在英文里面,名词分可数名词(countable noun)和不可数名词(uncountable noun)。不可数名词没有单复数之分,用时只当单数词用;可数名词有单复数之分,二个的后面要用a或an,eg: a pencil, a basketball, a dictionary, an egg, an ID card,而复数即八个或七个以上的要作相应的更换,情状如下:

【入眼短语和句型】

(1卡塔尔(قطر‎平时的词在单数词后一直+“s”

  1. Could you please + 动词原形……?用来表示委婉的央浼

book→books,pen→pens,car→cars,map→maps,cartoon→cartoons

---Could you please tell me your name?

(2卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)以s,x,sh,ch结尾的词+“es”

--- Sure/ No problem. My name is Sally.

box→boxes,watch→watches

--- Sorry.

(3卡塔尔(قطر‎以辅音字母+y结尾的名词去掉“y”,改成“i”,再加“es”

  1. tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉有些人某件事     

七年级上学期所有语法点都在这。family→families,comedy→comedies

tell sb. about sth. 告诉有些人有关有些事

(4卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)以f或fe结尾的词,先去掉f或fe,改成“v”再加es

Please tell me your name. = Please tell your name to me.

knife→knives,wife→wives,handkerchief→handkerchieves

Please tell Maria about it. 请把那事报告Maria吧。

(5卡塔尔 特殊词,特殊变化,需单独记:

  1. help sb. do sth.= help sb. with sth. 在某方面辅助有些人,扶持有些人做某件事

child→children,man→men,foot→feet,woman→women

Please help us find him.

tooth→teeth,sheep→sheep,deer→deer

Could you please help me with English?

十生龙活虎. 岁月的抒发法

= Could you please help me study English?

(1卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)直读式,即直接读出时间数字

  1. want to do sth.= would like to do sth. 想要做有些事

7: 05  seven five   

want sth. = would like sth. 想要某物

8:16  eight sixteen

want sb. to do sth. 想要有些人做……

(2卡塔尔(قطر‎ 过、差式,即几点差几分,几点过几分。(以30分为汾水陵)

He wants to visit Beijing. = He would like to visit Beijing.

1:25  twenty-five past one   

I want/would like an orange.

2:30  half past two

Jane wants Kangkang to sing some songs with her.

3:43  seventeen to four     

  1. show sth. to sb.= show sb. sth. 把某物显示给有些人看

4:38  twenty-two to five

Maria shows a photo of her family to Kangkang.

(3)12小时制

  1. My English is very good. =I can speak English very well.

  2. live in+ 地方  居住在某地

6:00 a.m.  上午6点       

live with + sb.  和某个人住

8:20 p.m.  下午8点20分

He live in China with his parents.

(4)24小时制

  1. know a lot about…… 知道大多有关……的事

13:00  13点钟             

He knows a lot about China.

22:15  22点15分

  1. say表示说话的剧情,speak表示说某种语言的力量

(5)15分可用quarter

What does he say in the letter?

4:15  a quarter past four   

He can speak some English.

5:45  a quarter to six

  1. 对事物的欣赏程度

(6卡塔尔时间前日常用介词at

like……very much/a lot 极其心仪

at 5 o’clock   

like……a little 有一点点爱不忍释

at 7:30 p.m.

don’t like……at all  一点都不希罕

十七. 关于时间的问法

Many students in our class like English a lot, but I like it a little.

(1卡塔尔国以when提问,“几时”能够是较长的岁月段,也能够是相当短的时间点,如:

He doesn’t like chocolate at all.

①When is your birthday?  你的生日是何许时候? 

  1. a lot of+可数名词复数/不可数名词

②My birthday is Dec. 29th.  笔者的华诞是一月30日。

I have a lot of English books.

此处便是指一天的小时段

  1. every day 每天 

①When do you go home?    你几点回家?

each other 相互 

②I go home at 4:30 p.m.  我下午4:30回家.

some of them 他们中的一些

此地when问的是实际的大运。

eat out 下馆子,到外边就餐

(2卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)具体几点我们不足为奇用what time提问,如:

  1. play with sb. 和某一个人一块玩耍 

①What time is it now?/What’s the time now? 以往几点了?

like to do/doing sth. 喜欢(做)某事

It’s 9:26.  现行九点三十三。

She likes to play with Kitty.

②What time is it by your watch? 你石英钟几点了?

  1. Help yourself/yourselves to sth. 随便吃(喝)……

  2. be kind to sb. 对某个人很慈详

It’s 8:36. Oh, It’s 50 minutes late.  8:36,哦,它慢了50分钟。

They are all kind to me. 他们对自家很要好。 

③What time do you get up?  你几点起床?

It’s very kind of you. 你真好。

I get up at 6:00 a.m.  我早上6点起床。

  1. be glad to do sth. 很高兴(乐意)做……

I am very glad to be here. 笔者很愿目的在于这里处。

Glad to meet you. 很欢娱看见您。

  1. let sb. do sth. 让某一个人做有些事

Let me see.让本人想黄金年代想。

Let us help you find him. 让大家协理您找到他。

  1. I am home. 笔者到家了。

Maria isn’t at home/in now. Maria现在不在家。

Welcome to my home. 应接来我家。

It’s time to go home. 该回家了。

【单元知识点详细解释】

  1. 实义动词变日常难点句及其应对

---Does he speak English?

-- Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t.

  1. 叩问职业及工作地方

---What does your mother do?(书面) /What is your mother?(口语)

--- She is an English teacher.

---Where does she work?

--- She works/ teaches/studies in a school / hospital / restaurant / on a farm / in an office... 

  1. 介绍亲戚

This is a photo of my family.

The young woman in red is my mother.

Is the young woman in red your mother?(变经常难点句卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)

Who is the young woman in red?(对划线部分提问卡塔尔国

My grandparents, my cousin and I are on the sofa.

I have a big family. 小编有贰个大家庭。

I love my family. 笔者爱小编的家。

  1. 就餐表明语

1卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar) ---Would you like something to drink ? 想不想喝些东西?

---Yes, a glass of apple juice , please. / No, thanks.

something to drink 一些喝的东西

something to eat 一些吃的事物

2) ---What would you like to have / eat / drink ? 你想吃(喝)些什么?

---I’d like some rice and chicken. / Let me see. 作者用脑筋想看。

3卡塔尔(قطر‎ Would you like to have dinner with me? 想和本身共进晚餐吗?

---Yes, I’d love to. / Yes, I’d like to.

--- I’m sorry, I have to…

4卡塔尔国 ---What do you usually have for breakfast? 你平凡早饭吃什么样?

---I usually have milk and bread for breakfast.

have…for breakfast/ lunch / dinner 早/午/晚餐吃......

5卡塔尔(قطر‎ ---May I take your order, sir? 请问,要点菜了呢?

---Fish with vegetables and rice , please.

6卡塔尔(قطر‎ May I help you ? = Can I help you ? =What can I do for you ?请问要吃/喝/买些什么?

  1. 缓慢解决地要求、提提出的多样表明

Would you like sth. / to do…? 你愿意/想……?

What / How about sth. / doing…? ……怎么样?

Why not do…? 为何不……?

Let’s do…! 让我们干……吧!

Why don’t you do…? 为何不……?

早晚答复:Yes, I’d like/love to. /Good idea. /OK. / All right./ I’d love that.

否定回答: No, thanks. / I’m sorry I can’t, I have to do…/ I’d like that, but I’m sorry I have no time.

【重视语法】

  1. 人称代词的主格与宾格

指点:主格在句子中充作主语,放在动词早先;宾格放在动词之后构成动宾短语,放在介词之后构成介宾短语。

主格

I

we

you

he

she

it

they

宾格

me

us

you

him

her

it

them

---Do you know them?

--- Yes. They are my new classmates.

  1. 可数名词与不可数名词

(1)可数名词:能够用数码来计数的名词,有单数和复数之分。

如:banana, egg, apple, orange, noodles, vegetable, hamburger等。

(2)不可数名词:不能用具体的多少来代表,前面不可能加a/an,未有复数情势。

如:milk, chicken, bread, Coke, coffee, rice, juice, fish, tea, water, chocolate等。

(3)不可数名词若要表示数量,可用:数词+量词+ of + 不可数名词。

如:a glass of milk 意气风发杯牛奶; ten bottles of apple juice十瓶橙汁;ten loaves of bread 十条面包

(4)some/ a lot of +可数名词的复数/ 不可数名词

many +可数名词的复数

much +不可数名词

【书信的格式】

  1. 名称叫:顶格写,常用Dear… 最初,表示亲近、客套,前边用逗号。

  2. 正文:从称呼的下黄金时代行开端写,初叶空两格。

3. 尾声:正文下边包车型大巴客套话,写在右下角,首字母大写,末尾用逗号,常用Yours。

  1. 签订协议:指写信人的签名,写在停止语的上边。

Unit4 Having fun

【入眼短语和句型】

  1. buy sth. for sb. = buy sb. sth. 为某个人买……

Linda wants to buy a toy car for her cousin. = Linda wants to buy her cousin a toy car.

  1. try on sth.= try sth. on 试穿   

try it/them on(固定搭配卡塔尔(قطر‎

Maria tries on the coat in a clothes shop.

  1. The coat looks very nice on you. 你穿上这件背心真美好。

  2. That’s fine. We’ll take it. 好的,我们就买它了。

  3. I am just looking. 我只是随意看看。

6.“Are you kidding?”你在开玩笑吗?

  1. think 想,认为 

think about 考虑   

think of 认为

Kangkang thinks it’s Li Ming’s.

I’ll think about it. 笔者要考虑一下。   

think about a plan 思量朝气蓬勃项安顿

What do you think of this yellow skirt?

  1. Thank you all the same. 还是谢谢您。

  2. get some wate 取水   

fly a kite / kites 放风筝   

sing some songs 唱歌

meet friends at home 在家和恋人会晤

have a picnic=go (out) for a picnic 去野餐

get up 起床           

go home 回家         

go fishing 去钓鱼     

go shopping=do some shopping  购物

go to the zoo 去动物公园 

go to the West Hill 去西山   

visit a friend 拜候朋友

call … back 回电话

do one’s homework 做作业   

take one’s order点菜   

take some bread 带一些面包 

see the Monkey Show 看猴子表演

10.  ask sb. to do sth.  请/要某一个人做某一件事

Could you ask her to call me back this evening? 你能让她明儿早晨给小编回个电话呢?

11.  need sth. /to do sth. 需要(做)某事

We need to help them with their English. 我们需求帮助她们学俄语。

We need two kilos of apples and some rice.

12.  have / has to do sth. 不得不/必须做……

Kangkang has to cook. 康康应当要做饭。

Kangkang doesn’t have to cook. (变否定句卡塔尔国

13.  save 节省,攒钱,挽救

Big sale! Buy more and save more!  大降价!买得多,省得多!

Ben can save ¥5.

14.  here 这里  there 那里

Here you are. 给你。 

Here it is. 在这。 

Here we are. 大家到了。

The clothes are there, madam. 内人,衣服在这里边。

---Where is Baby Monkey’s home? --- It’s there.

  1. be free = have time 有时间,有空 

Are you free this Sunday? = Do you have (any) time this Sunday?

I’m sorry I have no time. = I’m sorry I don’t have any time.

  1. It’s time to do sth / for sth. 该做某一件事了,是做某一件事的时候了

It’s time to have breakfast.= It’s time for breakfast.

  1. Thank you for your help. = Thank you for helping me. 多谢您的扶持。

  2. at eight o’clock 在八点整 

in the morning / afternoon / evening 在早上/下午/晚上       

on Sunday moring在小礼拜早晨

  1. on one’s way home 在有些人回家的旅途       

on one’s way to school 在攻读的途中

Buy some eggs and rice on your way home.

The Baby Monkey can’t find his way home.

【单元知识点详整】

  1. 购物表明语

1) ---Can I help you? / May I help you?

---Yes, please. I want to buy some clothes for my daughter. /  I’m just looking, thanks.

2) ---What can I do for you?

---I want a T-shirt for my son.

3) ---Can I try it on? / Why not try them on? 

--- Sure / No problem.

4) That’s fine. We’ll take it.

5) 280 yuan! Are you kidding? I’ll think about it. Thank you all the same.

6) ---Could you help me do some shopping?

--- Sure. What do we need?

7卡塔尔(قطر‎ ---Is that all?  就那三个吗?

--- Yes, I think so. 是的,作者想就那么些。

8卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar) ---It’s too heavy. 它太重了。 

---Let me help you. 让自家匡助您呢。

  1. 叩问对事物的意见、思想

---How do you like this pair of pants?=What do you think of this pair of pants? 你认为那条裤子怎样?

--- They’re too long. / I don’t like it at all. How about the blue one?

  1. 打探数量

how much +不可数名词 + …?

how many+可数名词(复数卡塔尔(قطر‎ +…?

---How many apples do you need?

---We need two kilos of apples. 

---How many bags of rice do you need?

---We need five bags of rice. 

---How much rice do you need?

---We need five bags of rice. 

  1. 问询价格(price卡塔尔

---How much is / are ……?  ---It’s / They’re …….

---How much is the bread? ---It’s three yuan a loaf.

---How much are the shoes? ---They are 280 yuan.

  1. 打探重量(quantity卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)

---How heavy is it? --- It’s one kilo a bag.黄金年代千克风姿洒脱袋。

  1. 通话的简约交际用语

1) ---Who is this, please?  ---This is Sally.

2) ---May I speak to Maria?  ---Sorry, she isn’t in/at home now. 

3) ---Are you free this Sunday? ---Yes. What’s up?

4) ---Would you like to go to the West Hill with us?

5) ---Could you ask / tell him to call me back this evening? ---Sure.

  1. 缓解地乞请、建议

1) ---Would you like to fly a kite with me?  ---Oh/Yes, I’d love/like to.

2) ---How/What about flying a kite with me?---I’m sorry I can’t. I have to cook.

3) ---Why not fly a kite with me?  ---I’d like that, but I’m sorry I have no time.

4) ---Let’s fly a kite.  --- Good idea. / OK. / That would be very nice.

  1. 叩问时间(time卡塔尔(قطر‎

---What time is it, please? / What is the time, please?

---It’s seven o’clock.

  1. 摸底最赏识的动物

---What are your favorite animals?

---Elephants/Monkeys/Panadas/Tigers. They’re so/very kind/clever/cute/strong.

【入眼语法】

  1. 光阴表明法

(1)直接表达:“时+分”,如: 4:00 four o’clock ; 12:05 twelve o five;2:30 two thirty

(2)30分钟之内:用“分+ past+ 时”,表示“几点几分”

如:8:15  a quarter past eight;    9:30  half past nine

(3)超过30分钟:用“(60-分卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)+ to+(时+1卡塔尔(قطر‎”表示“差几分到几点”

如:3:55  five to four ;  5:40  twenty to six

  1. some与any 的用法

some 用于肯定句及希望赢得确定回应的疑问句,any用于否定句和难点句中。

She wants some oranges. 

Does she want any oranges?

What about / Why not have/ Would you like some chicken?仁爱版匈牙利(Magyarország卡塔尔国语上学期知识点聚焦(八年级上册卡塔尔(قطر‎

2017-11-19 卜小兵 仁爱德语精选文章摘要

仁爱版Slovak语上学期知识点聚集(三年级上册卡塔尔(قطر‎

(包含首要句型、短语、知识点安详严整和要害语法)

Unit 1 Making New Friends

【重视短语】

  1. good morning/ afternoon / evening 早上/下午/晚上好

  2. glad / nice to meet / see you  看见您很喜悦

  3. welcome to + 地方  接待来到……

  4. let’s + v  让我们做……

  5. stand up 起立

  6. sit down 坐下

  7. this is...  这是……

  8. thanks = thank you 谢谢

  9. see you = see you later = goodbye 再见

  10. ID number 居民身份证号码

  11. be from=come from 来自

  12. in English 用英语

【主要句型】

  1. ---What’s your name? ---My name is Sally.

  2. ---Where are you from? ---I’m from China.

---Where do you come from? ---I come from China.

  1. ---Where is he/ she from? ---He/She is from Japan.

  2. ---What’s this/ that in English? --- It’s a/ an…

  3. ---What’re these/ those in English? ---They’re… 

  4. ---How do you spell it? ---E-R-A-S-E-R, eraser.

  5. ---Can you spell it? ---Yes, M-A-P, map.

  6. —How old are you/ is he/ are they?

—I’m/ He is/ They are eleven.

  1. —What’s your telephone number?

—It’s 4567967.

  1. —What class/ grade are you in? 

—I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.(注意分寸写)

  1. Good morning/ afternoon/ evening.   

  2. —Hello!/Hi!  —Hello!/Hi!

  3. —Nice/Glad to see/meet you.  —Nice/Glad to see/meet you, too.

  4. —Welcome to China/my home.  —Thanks.

  5. —How do you do?  —How do you do?

  6. —How are you?  —Fine, thank you. And you?  —I’m OK.

  7. —See you then/ later.  —See you.   

  8. —Goodbye.  —Bye.

  9. —Thank you.  —You’re welcome./That’s OK./Not at all.

【着重语法】

  1. 元音字母: Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu

包蕴有以下元音的假名:

[e]  Aa Hh Jj Kk       

[i:]  Ee Bb Cc Dd Gg Pp Tt Vv     

[aɪ] Ii Yy 

[ju:]  Uu Qq  Ww     

[e] Ff Ll Mm Nn Ss Xx Zz

  1. 大小写

句首字母,人名,地名,称呼语,专盛名词,星期的首字母要大写,引人注意。

• Look!Is that Jane?

• He comes from Hubei, China.

• Mr. Wang, this is my mom.

• —What class are you in?

—I’m in Class Ten, Grade Seven.

• On Sunday, we go to the West Hill for a picnic.

  1. Be动词的用法

• 小编用am,你用are,is用于他、她、它,单数用is,复数就用are。

• 含be动词的陈说句变否定句在be后加not,变通常难点句将be提前。

• 平日难题句的肯定回应:Yes, 人称代词+ be;否定回答:No, 人称代词+be + not。

如:---They are teachers.  ---They are not teachers.

---Are they teachers?  ---Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

  1. 兵连祸结冠词、定冠词和and的用法

(1卡塔尔国不定冠词a, an的用法

a /an 都代表“黄金时代,一个”,a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前,如:a book; a desk; an 用在以元音音素起头的单词前,如:an apple / an orange/ an English book;/ an English boy/ an old man;/an actor/ an English teacher/ an office worker.

(2卡塔尔国the是定冠词,表特指,单复数后边都可用

• We are in the same class.

• The girl in a pink skirt is Jane.

• Where is the book?

• This isn’t my bike. The blue one is mine.

(3) and的用法

• 数字相加看做单数: Two and three is five.

• 颜色相加也是单数:  Black and white is gray.

• 人和东西相加是复数:Lucy and Lily are sisters. The pen and the eraser are Jane’s.

  1. 可数名词单数变复数

(1)法规变化

① 平时在名词词尾加-s,如:car---cars; photo---photos; toy---toys; boy---boys

② 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词,在词尾加--es,如:box---boxes; bus--buses

③ 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i再加es,如:baby--babies; family--families

4)以fe结尾,变fe为v再加es,如:knife--- knives

(2)不准绳变化

如:foot---feet; man---men; woman---women; snowman---snowmen;

(3)集体名词:people, clothes, police, family

(4)成双身不由己的名词:shoes, pants(trousers卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar), gloves, eyes, ears

九. 意气风发词多义:An orange(广橘)is orange(粉青的).

Unit 2 Looking Different

【入眼短语】

  1. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb.把某物给某一个人

Please give it to her.

  1. look the same 长相平等   

look different 长相分歧,看起来不平等

  1. look like 看起来像

He looks like his father. = He and his father look the same.

  1. next to 在……旁边

The boy next to me is my good friend.

  1. in +颜色  穿着……颜色的服装

in +a/an +颜色+衣服  穿着……颜色的……

The boy in a yellow T-shirt and gray pants is my good friend.6. (1卡塔尔both两个都(be动词之后,实义动词以前) 

They both have brown hair and black eyes.

They are both office workers.

(2卡塔尔(英语:State of Qatar)all 三者或三者以上都

They are all kind to me.

  1. 数字+(形状、大小)+颜色+n. 

two big red apples

She has short blond hair.

【入眼句型】

  1. Who is your favorite actor?

  2. We are in the same school, but we are in different grades.

  3. What do/does +主语+look like? ……长得什么?

---What does he look like?

--- He is not very tall but very strong.

  1. We don’t look the same, but we are good friends.

We look the same, but we are in different clothes.

  1. ---What color is/are +主语?---It’s/ They’re +颜色.

---What color is her hair? ---It’s blond.

  1. This is my cap. = This cap is mine.

Is this your cap? = Is this cap yours?

---Whose cap is this? = Whose is this cap? --- It’s Sally’s.

---Whose are these bananas? --- They’re their bananas/ theirs.

  1. His pants are blue and mine are white.(mine=my pants)

My T-shirt is green and his is brown.(his=his T-shirt)

  1. I have small eyes, but he has big ones.(ones指代eyes)

My jacket is blue and white. That one is blue. (one指代jacket)

【重视语法】

  1. 动词原形和动词第几个人称单数方式

(1)主语是第多人称单数格局(he、she、it;单豆蔻年华的人;单风流洒脱的名字;单风姿浪漫的东西),动词要用单三形式。实义动词变第三人称单数的法规:

① 日常情状一向加“s”,如:come---comes,meet---meets

② 动词以o,s,sh,ch, x结尾,加“es”,如:do--does; go--goes; teach--teaches

③ 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i,再加es, 如:study--studies, fly--flies, try--tries

④ 特殊情状:have--has

(2)句型转变

① 当主语为第多少人称单数:变否定句时,在动词前加doesn’t, 动词现原形;变平日难题句时,在句首加does,动词现原形。

常常难点句的任其自流答复:Yes, 人称代词+does;否定回答:No, 人称代词+doesn’t.

如:She has small eyes.

---She doesn’t have small eyes.

---Does she have small eyes?

---Yes, she does. /No, she doesn’t.

② 当主语为率先、第叁个人称变否定句,在动词前加don’t,变平常疑问句,在句首加do,料定答复:Yes, 人称代词+do;否定回答:No,人称代词+don’t.

They have small eyes.

---They don’t have small eyes.

--- Do they have small eyes? 

---Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

  1. 意味着所属关系

(1)名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

形容词性物主代词  my    your  his  her    our  their    its

名词性物主代词    mine  yours  his  hers  ours  theirs  its

• --Whose is this pen? Is it yours?

• --No, it’s not mine. My pen is blue.

(2)名词全数格

① 用于人或任何代表有生命的名词后:

• 单数或不以s结尾的复数+’s,如:Jane’s book;Women’s Day

• 以s结尾的复数+’如: Teachers’Day

• Lucy’s and Lily’s bags 分有 

Lucy and Lily’s room 共有

Those are Jane’s shoes.= Those shoes are Jane’s.

② of 表示所属关系,用于未有生命的物体,如:a map of China;a photo of my family

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